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konopi

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konopi last won the day on October 3 2018

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About konopi

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  1. Gaat niet om de werkgevers, maar de verhuurder & de burgemeester uiteraard.Er zijn al mensen voor minder de woning uitgezet.In veel gemeentes wordt tegenwoordig streng opgetreden helaas.Tegenwoordig kan je hier in NL van alles verwachten.In Emmen kon een moeder met maar 5 plantjes, die lijdt aan ptss & een autistische zoon van 11 ook een andere heenkomen zoeken voor 3 maanden.18 agenten stonden er in haar woning.Moet niet gekker worden.In Zeeland is meer dan 5 gram een handelshoeveelheid, dus zelfs met 1 plant word je al gebrandmerkt.In Den Helder ook. Alles wordt over één kam geschoren.Wiet met spuiten & pillen.Één plantje & je huis is gelijk al een crackhouse.Sommige in het buitenland maakte al de vergelijking met de WWII, zoals het toen met de joodse mensen verging.
  2. What they above forgot to mention is, that you'll probably get the persona non grata label on your head and that they will put you on a plane the very next day.
  3. In wierookbranders hebben onderzoekers resten van cannabis ontdekt die vrij overtuigend suggereren dat Chinezen 2500 jaar geleden al high werden van wiet. Vandaag de dag associëren we de term cannabis voornamelijk met drugs. Maar duizenden jaren geleden werd de plant in Oost-Azië voornamelijk verbouwd als vezelgewas: van de vezels van de plant kon onder meer papier worden gemaakt. Wanneer men cannabis ook vanwege de psychoactieve effecten (zie kader) ging waarderen, was lang onduidelijk. Maar een nieuw onderzoek – verschenen in het blad Science Advances – suggereert nu dat men er zeker 2500 jaar geleden al vertrouwd mee was. Tombe In het westen van China hebben onderzoekers in een 2500 jaar oude tombe namelijk wierookbranders teruggevonden met daarin verbrande resten van cannabis. En wat misschien nog wel opvallender is, is dat deze resten veel meer THC bevatten dan de wilde cannabisplanten. Eerder onderzoek Eerder suggereerden wetenschappers dat de psychoactieve effecten van cannabis voor het eerst genoten werden door mensen op de oude Centraal-Aziatische steppe. Ze trokken die conclusie voornamelijk op basis van teksten van de Griekse historicus Herodotus. De ontdekking van THC-rijke cannabisresten in wierookbranders in het westen van China lijkt erop te wijzen dat Herodotus wist waar hij het over had. “De vondsten onderschrijven het idee dat cannabisplanten vanwege hun psychoactieve effecten voor het eerst werden gebruikt in de bergachtige gebieden van het oostelijke deel van Centraal-Azië en zich daarna naar andere delen van de wereld verspreidden,” stelt onderzoeker Nicole Boivin. Want het gebied waarin de 2500 jaar oude cannabisresten zijn teruggevonden ligt vandaag misschien afgelegen, maar dat was 2500 jaar geleden wel anders. In die tijd kon men het gebied via handelsroutes die onderdeel uitmaakten van de beroemde Zijderoute, bezoeken. “Onze studie suggereert dat kennis van het roken van cannabis en specifieke varianten van de cannabisplant langs deze routes werd doorgegeven,” stelt onderzoeker Robert Spengler. Ritueel Aangezien de THC-rijke cannabis-resten in een tombe zijn aangetroffen, gaan onderzoekers ervan uit dat het roken van cannabis deel uitmaakte van een begrafenisritueel. “Maar mogelijk rookte men het ook in het dagelijks leven,” vertelt Yimin Yang, onder meer verbonden aan het Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History aan Scientias.nl. Hoe men precies aan de THC-rijke cannabisplanten kwam, is vooralsnog een raadsel. Er zijn twee opties, zo stellen de onderzoekers in hun paper. Of men teelde de THC-rijke cannabis-variant. Of men zocht gewoon naar THC-rijke cannabisplanten die in het wild groeiden. Dat laatste lijkt misschien wat tegenstrijdig; eerder kon je immers lezen dat wilde cannabisplanten juist relatief weinig THC bevatten. Er zijn echter aanwijzingen dat cannabisplanten meer THC aanmaken in reactie op een toename in UV-licht en andere stressoren waar de planten mee te maken kunnen krijgen als ze op grote hoogte groeien. Het zou kunnen betekenen dat mensen in de bergachtige gebieden op wilde cannabisplanten stuitten die wel zoveel THC herbergden dat deze psychoactieve effecten hadden en zo op heel andere ideeën kwamen omtrent het gebruik van de plant. https://www.scientias.nl/chinezen-omarmden-wiet-2500-jaar-geleden-al/
  4. Als je de toppen al gedecarboxyleerd hebt voor 45 min bij 110 C, dan zit er wel thc in, maar net wat @Aquar zegt ook zonder werkt het al.Als je een wietje hebt met veel myrceen of linalol, dan kan het ook al aardig goed werken voor het slapen.Ik moet dat niet hebben, want dan ben ik net Doornroosje.
  5. Geen hitte toegepast, daardoor een lichtere kleur.Wat je in deze olie hebt zitten, zijn alleen de cannabinoïdenzuren & terpenen.
  6. In de serie Weed van dr.Gupta gaat een gedeelte over het gebruik van medicinale wiet bij ptss. Vanaf 1:27:00 begint de serie over ptss.
  7. Neem aan dat de kweekruimtes alleen betreed mogen worden door mensen van het bedrijf zelf, geen buitenstaanders.Planten met beschimmelde toppen in een teeltruimte verder laten staan & meeoogsten zou idd raar zijn, maar wanneer een geseald potje geopend wordt & er vervolgens aan geroken wordt met als antwoord een muffige geur, verbaast het me ook weer niet.
  8. Home / Investing / Cannabis The USDA Legalized THC - But No One Noticed It looks as if this is the next cannabis domino to fall. ByDEBRA BORCHARDT mei 30, 2019 | 11:33 AM EDT It slipped under the radar on Thursday, but the United States Department of Agriculture just descheduled tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The USDA issued a bulletin on May 28 as a legal opinion for hemp production. It basically authorizes interstate delivery of hemp and legalized THC derived from hemp. First, let's address the interstate transportation or shipment of hemp. Up until December 2018, hempwas considered illegal like cannabis, but the 2018 Farm Billlegalized it. However, it still couldn't cross state lines. So, farmers in states where all forms of marijuana were illegal could grow hemp but then had few options to sell their crops. Farmers such as the ones in Kentucky who had pushed Senator Mitch McConnell to get the Farm Bill signed in the first place. Now they can sell those crops to producers in other states or at least extract the hemp oil and sell that derivative product. This solves the farmer problem for McConnell who was getting backed into a corner to figure out how to help these individuals sells their hemp crops. Happy Kentucky farmers means reelection. The second item within this USDA bulletin is the subject of THC, which is the part of the cannabis plant that produces a psychoactive response in the brain or the feeling of getting high. The bulletin was in response to the 2018 Farm Bill and it read, "By amending the definition of marijuana to exclude hemp as defined in AMA 297A, Congress has removed hemp from schedule I and removed it entirely from the CSA (Controlled Substances Act). In other words, hemp is no longer a controlled substance. Also, by amending schedule I to exclude THC in hemp, Congress has likewise removed THC in hemp from the CSA." Typically, cannabis plants can produce buds or flowers that have a high level of THC. Hemp plants tend to have very little THC in them. However, that doesn't mean there is no THC or that the hemp plants couldn't be modified to contain more THC. Mark Singleton, the owner of Singleton Investments said, "This removes the argument of .3% THC." He is referring to the designation that hemp-derived CBD is legal as long as there is less than .3% THC. If hemp THC is legal then it doesn't matter whether it is .3% or not. Let's step back for a moment and review this .3% line in the sand for cannabis. The .3% level is a designation for which there is little information as to how that number was determined. It is often referred to but there is little documentation as to how regulators arrived at that level. One historian said that at one time a study was done to determine at which point people got high when consuming cannabis and that .3% was the midrange and thus it stuck. Some people needed less and some didn't get buzzed until it was more than .3%, so the scientists just picked the middle point and called it a day. Random and possibly no longer true. Anyway, there is some debate now over this USDA bulletin and whether the words "in hemp" mean THC can't be extracted from hemp because then it would no longer be in the plant. Several people have suggested that the phrase hemp-derived products covers hemp extractions even if it includes THC. It's a new bulletin and is sure to be tested very quickly. Singleton believes that THC derived from hemp will quickly become popular and farmers will set up extraction facilities within their states and begin shipping across state lines. "It solves McConnell's problem. He's got the largest plant extraction facility in the entire country. Located in Kentucky," said Singleton, who says he's on McConnell's speed dial. If hemp-derived THC is now legal and can cross state lines, it will be close to impossible for law enforcement to determine the difference between cannabis-derived THC and hemp-derived THC. This USDA bulletin could have effectively descheduled cannabis. Singleton believes Congress will be forced to act quickly to legalize cannabis since the USDA has jumped the gun. In May, New York Representative Hakeem Jeffries and Senator Chuck Schumer introduced a bill, HR2843, in both Houses removing cannabis from the CSA and it included a social justice component. "I believe this bill will have at least 100 co-sponsors by June 15 and has the best chance to get passed," said Singleton. "If the Safe Banking Act doesn't get passed first, then I think this one will. I know the cannabis industry wants the States Rights Act passed, but it's going nowhere. These have the most support." Indeed, no one in the cannabis industry expected the USDA to be the ones to legalize THC and it looks as if this is the next domino to fall. https://realmoney.thestreet.com/investing/cannabis/the-usda-legalized-thc-but-no-one-noticed-14976778
  9. Dr Machel Emanuel examining ganja plants. Jamaica built its global cannabis reputation in the 1970s both as a producer and illegal supplier of potent sun-grown ganja. Around the same time reggae and Rastafari were expanding beyond the island’s shores, cannabis was a key ally for both. The trinity of Rastafari, Reggae and ganja gave Jamaican cannabis cult status internationally. During that period, mostly cannabis that originated in the island (known as landrace) was cultivated. It was characterised by its strong, musty aroma and its energising cerebral effect. Chemically, it had a near 2:1 ratio, with THC between eight to 11 per cent and CBD around five to six per cent. The trees could grow to 10ft tall, had thin, spiny leaves and airy buds, and could take up to six months to mature. In the 1990s, a major cultivation shift occurred. Jamaica’s sativa-dominant landraces were crossbred with imported indica-dominant strains. The introduction of foreign seeds came with practical applications. These indica and hybrid varieties grew smaller, making them less conspicuous to law enforcement, and had a shorter flowering time, which meant a quicker turnover from plants to profits. These varieties also produced higher THC but had their disadvantages. They were more susceptible to pests and mould, and a recent study by the University of the West Indies (UWI) has confirmed that they are less efficient than landrace strains. “If you expose the different cannabis cultivars to the same conditions over the same duration, the landrace will always excel,” said Dr Machel Emanuel of the UWI’s Life Sciences Department, who led the study. “There is a physiological adaptation in the landrace that is allowing it to produce more biomass than the hybrid and indica.” GENETIC ADAPTATION Landraces thrive because they have genetically adapted to the region over generations through human and natural selection. The earliest species of cannabis originated in the mountainous Hindu Kush region of Pakistan. Because of its high level of adaptability, cannabis can thrive in different habitats and there seems to be an endless number of known morphological and physiological variations. In the study, Emanuel and his team of Dr Dwight Robinson and research student Valrick Henry aimed “to empirically determine which of the cannabis subspecies vegetates most efficiently within the tropical regions of the world, in particular Jamaica”. The study involved a landrace sativa strain, an indica strain, and a hybrid, all grown under the same conditions. While the landrace had the smallest leaf area index of the three plants, which means there was less plant surface to absorb sunlight to promote growth, it excelled above the others. It was taller and produced more leaflets and branches than the indica and hybrid varieties. The study concluded that “cultivating sativa-type cultivars in the tropics requires less energy input to achieve greater biomass output during the vegetative cycle, giving rise to the possibility of achieving greater yields with less inputs for the tropical ganja farmer ... .” Emanuel says he has always argued for the industry to focus on cultivating plants genetically predisposed for the tropics, as it makes good business sense. Not only are they more efficient but the plant will express unique chemical compositions that could have specific medicinal applications. Given Jamaica’s established international reputation, if the industry focused on developing and marketing its landraces, it could see signficant value added to its brand equity. “The phytochemical profile of cannabinoids and terpenoids that are expressed within these landrace cultivars are unique to Jamaica and its micro climate,” the study noted. “Therefore, by quantifying, classifying, stabilising and replicating the characteristics of these landrace cultivars, therapeutic and medical connotations could be added to the nostalgic value of marketing and branding Jamaica’s cannabis products.” LANDRACE VALUE This effect is seen in coveted landraces such as Malawi Gold, Colombian Gold and Durban Poison, some of the rarest and most expensive cannabis varieties, and all easily identifiable by their geographic origin. Cannabis plants originating from central and south Africa have also been noticed to produce high levels of THCV, a cannabinoid that has been successful in improving insulin sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes and has shown anticonvulsant properties. Lambsbread is the most reputed Jamaican landrace, thanks primarily to its immortalisation in reggae music and it being a preferred choice by reggae icon Bob Marley. The other two known landraces are Thyme and Goshen. There are legitimate concerns, however, if Jamaican landraces actually still do exist. With the keen foreign interest in Jamaican ganja and the country being a heavily trafficked port, hybridisation has been rampant over the past three decades. Prior to the influx of foreign seeds in the 1990s, local farmers also had to contend with aggressive confiscation and destruction of their plants and seeds by law enforcement. Emanuel says the best bet to finding Jamaican landraces rests with indigenous farmers such as the Maroons and Rastafarians. The landrace used in the study was sourced from a farmer in a remote region of Dominica in the Eastern Caribbean. To find it required a six-hour hike through hilly terrain to get to the location. The farmer has been isolated from civilisation for 40 years. Tropical landraces are considered crown jewels in the cannabis industry because of their rarity and heritage. Their aroma and cerebral effect are said to be like nothing experienced with today’s hybridised cannabis, and their potential medicinal benefits remain mostly untapped. “There is a nostalgic value to our local cultivars and there would be a market niche if we could really produce those types of cultivars in large proportions,” Emanuel reasoned. “It is worth investing in and capitalising on it.”
  10. Scientist in Jamaica finds, cultivates lost ganja https://www.jamaicaobserver.com/latestnews/Scientist_in_Jamaica_finds,_cultivates_lost_ganja?fbclid=IwAR0GY7KqE57FsIFKV9lFasLrdS57w583X7J31GaE70GwtVujsuAunLQskRU
  11. Van die zou je toch verwachten dat die resistent zou moeten zijn tegen schimmel vanwege de limoneen.Wat fout gegaan met de moederplanten toendertijd.
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